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Boletim de Psicologia

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MANZINI, Raquel Gomes Pinto  and  BRANCO, Angela Uchoa. Bullying from a sociocultural constructivist perspective. Bol. psicol [online]. 2012, vol.62, n.137, pp. 169-182. ISSN 0006-5943.

Values and beliefs oriented toward fierce competition and individualism have been persistently promoted in a variety of social contexts. Where competition and individualism prevail, ethics become less and less important, and aggression and violence easily appear. The increasing occurrence of bullying at schools points to the need of a paradigm shift in education. According to scientific Psychology, there are no magic recipes, and the phenomenon needs to be analyzed taking into account the role of culture, the constructive subject, and the existence of multiple causes. To prevent bullying entails that schools deliberately promote the work of positive social values among students and teachers, in such a way that peace would become a transversal guiding principle across the curriculum. Schools can and should be active in encouraging peace, as well healthy, ethical, and respectful human interactions, fomenting values such as justice, dignity and social responsibility

Keywords : Bullying; sociocultural perspective; constructivism; violence; school.

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