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Boletim de Psicologia

Print version ISSN 0006-5943


SCHELINI, Patrícia Waltz; PRADO, Francielle Barbosa; FRANCA, Alex Bacadini  and  BORUCHOVITCH, Evely. Metamemory in the elderly: comparison between actual and estimated performances. Bol. psicol [online]. 2014, vol.64, n.140, pp. 79-90. ISSN 0006-5943.

The study aimed to identify relationships between the predicted performance and the actual performance of elderly people on tasks that assess working memory factor, as well as evaluating the similarity between their real performances with the beliefs of people close to the elderly concerning their performance on such tasks. The subtests Arithmetic, Digit Span and Sequence of Numbers and Letters from the WAISIII were used. Following each subtest was presented a sheet containing questions about the accuracy of the subtests applied. In all subtests elderly participants estimated results above what was actually obtained. The subtest Sequence of Numbers and Letters was the one that showed greater disparity, whereas the Digit Span subtest - Order Direct - was the lowest. All correlations between the raw scores of the subtests and performance estimated by the elderly were significant and above 0.77. It was obtained a significant correlation of 0.51 between the actual performance of the elderly in the total score of the subtests of Arithmetic, Digit Span and Sequence of Numbers and Letters and the performance estimated by the companions of them

Keywords : Metamemory; aging; estimated performance.

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