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Interamerican Journal of Psychology

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9690


STELLA, Florindo; ROSSI, Célia Regina  e  GOVONE, José Sílvio. Drug dependence, mental impairment and education. Interam. j. psychol. [online]. 2008, vol.42, n.1, pp. 143-150. ISSN 0034-9690.

This study aimed to evaluate the mental conditions of cocaine-dependent individuals and school commitment/attachment. We evaluated 50 patients referred to the psychiatry emergency room due to mental disorders from chemical dependence. After clinical diagnosis, clinical interview, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Hamilton Scale for Depression and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale were applied. The Spearman and Mann-Whitney nonparametric tests, as well as the t-Student test were utilized for statistical analysis.. The accepted significance value was 0.05. All subjects had used cocaine or crack and other substances. Only 13 (26%) did not drop out of school (group 1). Regarding the other 37 (74%), irregular class attendance , successive failures and definitive school drop out rates (group 2) were verified. These subjects presented an early substance use when compared with those which did not drop out of school (p=0.0001). Patients with an early substance use presented higher school dropout rates than those with a later initiation to substance use. Psychopathological phenomena were frequent in both groups.

Palavras-chave : Mental distress; Psychoactive substance; Chemical dependence,; School commitment/attachment.

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