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Interamerican Journal of Psychology

versão impressa ISSN 0034-9690


E. GARCIA, José. Ramón Indalecio Cardozo as a pioneer of psychology in Paraguay. Interam. j. psychol. [online]. 2008, vol.42, n.1, pp. 171-180. ISSN 0034-9690.

The Active School was a broad educational movement that renewed both the basis and the fundamentals of pedagogy at the beginnings of the twenty century. The new approach appeared in Switzerland but also was a movement with a great impact in several countries of Latin America where its reception was both enthusiast and fruitful. The defenders of the Active School based an important part of their pedagogical action on psychological knowledge, specialy research on cognition and children's personality. For this reason many of its main researchers were also important figures in the field of Psychology. In this article we study the works of Ramón Indalecio Cardozo (1876-1943), the most important representative of the Active School in Paraguay and also we make an analysis of his place as a pioneer of paraguayan psychology. Both Cardozo's connection with the movement of the Active School and with some of its international representatives are discussed, as well as the contributions of Cardozo to Psychology and the main areas that covered his work related to that science. The relevance of Cardozo as a pioneer of Psychology in Paraguay is discussed at the end of this article.

Palavras-chave : History of psychology in Paraguay; Pioneers of psychology; Ramón Indalecio Cardozo; Active school; Psychology in Latin America.

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