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Interamerican Journal of Psychology

Print version ISSN 0034-9690


GOUVEIA, Valdiney V. et al. Cuestionario de Claustrofobia: evidencias de su validez y fiabilidadClaustrophobia Questionnaire: evidences of its validity and reliability. Interam. j. psychol. [online]. 2008, vol.42, n.3, pp. 604-610. ISSN 0034-9690.

This study aimed at adapting the Claustrophobia Questionnaire to the Brazilian context. Specifically, it intended to know its factor structure and reliability, to test different theoretical models (i.e., uni-factor and bi-factor), to joint evidences of its convergent validity, and to know if its scores vary according to the gender of the subjects. Participated 224 undergraduate students, mostly of them female (75.3%) and single (78.5%), with a mean age of 24.2 years. They answered the Claustrophobia Questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire, as well as five demographic questions. As it was theoretically expected, the bi-factor model was more adequate than the uni-factor ones, and the psychological distress positively correlated itself with the general and the specific factors of claustrophobia. It was observed that women scored higher in claustrophobia than men, independent of the considered factor (suffocation or restriction). It was concluded that the Claustrophobia Questionnaire presents acceptable psychometric parameters, coherent with those previously observed.

Keywords : Phobia; Claustrophobia; Psychological distress; Gender.

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