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Interamerican Journal of Psychology

Print version ISSN 0034-9690


PATERNA, Consuelo  and  MARTINEZ MARTINEZ, Maria Del Carmen. Variables of gender in the distribution of housework and children care. Interam. j. psychol. [online]. 2009, vol.43, n.2, pp. 241-249. ISSN 0034-9690.

This study investigates predictors of paternal involvement. Participants were 130 couples with children smaller than twelve. The results show that the different ways of household distribution between the couple is related to gender role and the perception of injustice. In relation to care children, the most relevant variable to differentiate among groups was gender awareness. It is also appreciated that the predictors of the participation in the domestic tasks are different to those of care of children. While the predictors of men’s participation were psychosocial variables (status norms, gender awareness and emotional work), in women were structural variables (schedule and incomes) the most significant. Those findings suggest that father involvement is more related to gender ideology than in mother, also fathers spent more time in care children than domestic task.

Keywords : Gender ideology; Involvement parental; Housework and children care.

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