versão impressa ISSN 0101-3106
FRAYZE-PEREIRA, João A.. The aesthetics of the form: Mario Pedrosa - art criticism psychology and psychoanalysis. Ide (São Paulo) [online]. 2009, vol.32, n.48, pp. 130-146. ISSN 0101-3106.
The article analyses the critical position of Mario Pedrosa. This position opposes itself to the content/ impressionist critics and appeals to the notion of Gestalt, considering the possibility of conceptually substantiating an aesthetics of the form. As a counterpoint, it considers the phenomenological critics to the Gestaltheorie, according to Merleau-Ponty, presenting the Gestalt or the concept of structure proposed by this philosopher. It also underlines that Pedrosa gets in touch with Merleau-Ponty’s thought, recognizing the limits of the Form Theory and appealing to the Freudian psychoanalysis, in the interpretative key of the art psychoanalysis elaborated by Ernst Kris and Anton Ehrenzweig. Finally, given these theoretical choices, it shows how Pedrosa loses sight of the richness of the notion of structure or Gestalt and preconceives the art psychoanalysis as an artist psychoanalysis, ignoring its fertile possibilities in the field of reception aesthetics, for the art criticism as well as for the cultural and sensitive world appreciation.
Palavras-chave : Aesthetics; Form; Art; Aesthetical perception; Psychoanalysis.