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Tempo psicanalitico

Print version ISSN 0101-4838On-line version ISSN 2316-6576


PORTO, Marcelo Duarte; MARTINS, Francisco Catunda  and  TEIXEIRA, Zenaide Dias. Morality and death as defenses against guilt and libidinal dissatisfaction in a tragedy of Nelson Rodrigues. Tempo psicanal. [online]. 2018, vol.50, n.2, pp. 162-180. ISSN 0101-4838.

The affinities of psychoanalysis with the literature are unmistakable and have been present since the earliest Freudian formulations. Oedipus the King, by Sophocles, and the tragedies of Shakespeare are manifestations of this relationship. In this work, we chose as an object of analysis of the Rodriguean tragedy "The deceased" that premiered in May 1953. The proposed hypothesis about Zulmira's mishaps, the protagonist, postulates that its context of cultural and material poverty, lack of affection demonstrated by husband and the sense of guilt for having betrayed him, unleash his quest for moral elevation. For her, sex and all her libidinal manifestations become abominable and her great obsession becomes the ceremony of her burial. The accusations of the Superego torment her to the point where she believes that only death, followed by a luxurious burial, you can redeem it. This seems to indicate that this character intends to seek in death and the purification ritual that surrounds her, a redemption for her mediocre and neurotic life. Zulmira becomes an inert victim of the Superego, who, as a vehicle for the death drive, will eventually lead her to suffering. Science, represented by Dr. Borborena, cannot hear Zulmira's complaint of dismay and her hysterical structure. An analysis of the narrative is also done through the actantial model proposed by Greimas.

Keywords : psychoanalysis; literature; hysteria; overcome; semiotics.

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