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Tempo psicanalitico

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VORSATZ, Ingrid. Freud and the science of Literature: psychoanalysis, science and poetry. Tempo psicanal. [online]. 2019, vol.51, n.1, pp.159-184. ISSN 0101-4838.

This paper intends to highlight the role played by the science of Literature (Literaturwissenschaft) as a fundamental contribution to the psychoanalytical démarche, concerning its conceptual foundation. Freud sought along with the classical texts the universality criterion required by the scientific Weltanschauung, to which the psychoanalysis founder aimed to align its discovery, establishing the paradoxical unconscious science. On account of its object evade an exhaustive apprehension, as well as the indetermination character intrinsic to psychoanalysis' conceptual field, the Freudian remission to a domain beyond (meta) the scientific canon is verified, namely, literature, which is elevated to a scientific plateau as Literature science (Literaturwissenchaft). The paradigm is the Oedipus complex, considered as the nuclear complex of neurosis by psychoanalysis' creator, and from which the coordinates referred to the subject's constitution are stablished. It's highlighted, even though Freud's turning to literary works in theoretical foundation of psychoanalysis' clinic characterizes an interdisciplinary practice avant la lettre, stablishing a fruitful interlocution between distinct domains, however not mutually unrelated . According to Freud's indication, the writer-poet (Dichter) would be the psychoanalyst double (Doppelgänger); nonetheless the relationship between both carries a trait of the most radical uncanniness (Unheimlichkeit) - not resemblance - in order that they are not reciprocally subsumed. Thus, the writer as a double ( Doppelgänger) would not be the psychoanalyst's reflex; rather than it could be considered its reverse.

Keywords : psychoanalysis; science; literature; poetry; double.

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