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Tempo psicanalitico

Print version ISSN 0101-4838On-line version ISSN 2316-6576


CARNEIRO, Cristiana; SCRINZI, Mariana  and  ZELMANOVICH, Perla. An ethical place for adults in their relationship with children and adolescents: Bernfeld and beyond pathologization. Tempo psicanal. [online]. 2020, vol.52, n.2, pp. 243-257. ISSN 0101-4838.

Siegfried Bernfeld was a psychoanalyst, a disciple of Freud and a pioneer in the articulation between education and psychoanalysis. In addition, he founded Baumgarten Children's Colony, a cutting-edge educational experience in which he welcomed war orphans. In this dossier we recall his work to reflect on the uneasiness of the psychoanalyst and educator towards the child or adolescent that does not correspond to what is expected. Warning us that the malaise of the adult in front of the child and adolescent outside of what is expected can establish authoritarian and pathological defenses, Bernstein advocates another place, ethical and expectant in the adult-child relationship. Rescuing the conceptions of this pioneer aims to increase reflection on the growing movement of pathologization in the contemporary scenario. Nowadays, as the diagnosis becomes primarily conceived by the neurobiological and behavioral, the school also starts to occupy the function of identifying the sum of deviant behaviors, quickly referring the child or adolescent to mental health. In another, less immediate sense, tolerating something about not knowing about the child would require the adult to partially assume his or her own constitutive strangeness. The "not knowing", a mark of every adult, could thus open some gaps in wanting to know about the uneasiness and restlessness that the child and adolescent do not model on us. Both the psychoanalyst and the educator are not sure, nor can they predict the results of their interventions. Bernfeld teaches us that only when the educator recognizes and accepts his own limits will it be possible to create a new pedagogy, a pedagogy of limits against the omnipotence of pedagogues.

Keywords : education; psychoanalysis; pathologization; children; teenager.

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