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GONCALVES, Guilherme Silva. Instincts in affective neuroscience and analytical psychology. Junguiana [online]. 2021, vol.39, n.2, pp. 117-130. ISSN 2595-1297.

The objective of this article is to establish connections between the analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung and the affective neuroscience of Jaak Panksepp. For this, the researcher made a comparison between the basic instinctive systems proposed by both theories. One of the main characteristics of Jung's thinking that sets it apart from other psychodynamic schools of thought is his emphasis on predispositions inherited from the psyche. Likewise, affective neuroscience focus mainly on the instinctual and inherited basis of human behavior, related to primary emotions rooted in subcortical structures. By studying these structures, Panksepp showed the influence of diverse instincts on human personality, a point that Jung also defended against the primacy of the sexual instinct in Sigmund Freud's theory. Furthermore, affective neuroscience and analytical psychology propose psychotherapeutic interventions that involve the instinctual aspects of personality, considering purely cognitive changes as insufficient. Thus, regardless of their materialist assumptions, Panksepp's researches have points in common with Jung's theory, outlining similar instinctual systems that demonstrate the importance of the history of species for the psychic constitution of human beings, countering the growing wave of social constructionism, which had its emergence driven by the behaviorist movements of the 50s, and which still permeates the popular imagination today.

Palavras-chave : affective neuroscience; analytical psychotherapy; Jung; Carl Gustav; 1875-1961; instinctive behaviour; emotions.

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