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ZAPPE, Jana Gonçalves  and  DELL'AGLIO, Débora Dalbosco. Adolescence in different contexts of development: risk and protection in a longitudinal perspective. Psico (Porto Alegre) [online]. 2016, vol.47, n.2, pp. 99-110. ISSN 1980-8623.

This longitudinal study investigated the engagement in risk behaviors and associated factors of adolescents living in different contexts. Participants were 503 adolescents aged 11 to 19 years (M=14.91; SD=1.52), of both sexes, living with family, in institutional care or juvenile institutions. The instrument used was the Questionnaire of the Brazilian Youth, administered at two moments with an interval of 10 to 12 months. Adolescents living with their families had the most favorable indicators on both occasions, those in juvenile institutions presented the least favorable indicators and those in residential care showed a positive evolution over time. In conclusion, this study emphasizes the importance of family life for the positive development in adolescence, as well as the need to offer a qualified intervention in institutionalizing situations, in order to overcome the vulnerabilities present in these contexts.

Keywords : Adolescence; risk behaviors; institutionalization; risk factors; protective factors.

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