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MARTINS, Gabriela Lamarca Luxo; LEON, Camila Barbosa Riccardi  e  SEABRA, Alessandra Gotuzo. Parenting styles and development of executive functions: study with 3-6-year-old children. Psico (Porto Alegre) [online]. 2016, vol.47, n.3, pp. 216-227. ISSN 1980-8623.

This study examined the relation between the parenting style of the parents and executive function in preschool children, because previous research suggests that family environment characteristics may influence the development of these functions. Participants were 30 3-6-year-old children and their parents. The parents answered the Parental Styles Inventory and children were assessed by Semantic Stroop Test, Cancellation Attention Test for and Trail Making Test for preschoolers. Low to moderate magnitude correlations showed in general that the more suitable parenting style of the parents, the better interference control of children. It was also observed that the greater the inconsistency in punishment, the greater the child’s reaction time in incongruous part of the Stroop Test and the more she/he is affected by the incongruity, however, pursuant to part B of the Trail Making Test, the greater her/his flexibility. Therefore there were observed relation between parenting style and executive functions of the sample investigated.

Palavras-chave : Family relations; Educational programs; Mental functions; Preschool age children; Neuropsychology.

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