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COELHO, Carmen Lucia Gobel  and  CORREA, Jane. Reading comprehension: Cognitive abilities and types of text. Psico (Porto Alegre) [online]. 2017, vol.48, n.1, pp. 40-49. ISSN 1980-8623.

Studies on reading comprehension have been expanding the knowledge in the reading area, demonstrating the contribution of several linguistic-cognitive skills for its development. The study presented here examined which linguistic-cognitive skills, evaluated at the beginning of the school year at the second year of elementary school, could be associated with the development of reading comprehension at the end of the school year, as well as the variations between these skills according to the types of text. This research evaluated reading comprehension in narrative and expository text types, and also the following cognitive skills: rapid automatized naming, phonological awareness in phonemic level, working memory, verbal ability, vocabulary, morphological awareness, reading accuracy and monitoring comprehension. The results showed that phonemic awareness, rapid serial naming (objects) and comprehension monitoring contributed to reading comprehension in both text types.

Keywords : Reading comprehension; Cognitive skills; Types of text.

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