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Psicologia Clínica

Print version ISSN 0103-5665On-line version ISSN 1980-5438


PEUKER, Ana Carolina Wolf; CAOVILLA, Joici Demetrio; COSTA, Crístofer Batista da  and  MOSMANN, Clarisse Pereira. Use of alcohol and other drugs by adolescents: associations with emotional and behavioral problems and family functioning. Psicol. clin. [online]. 2020, vol.32, n.2, pp.315-334. ISSN 0103-5665.

Consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs in adolescence may increase the risk of future dependence, be associated with a range of risk behaviors, and lead to the development of emotional and behavioral problems. The objective of this study was to characterize the profile of use of alcohol and other drugs by adolescents from a rural sample and to analyze possible associations between consumption, the variables cooperation, co-parental conflict and triangulation, family cohesion, parent-child conflict, and emotional and behavioral problems. It is a descriptive study with 126 adolescents of municipal and state schools in Southern Brazil. A sociodemographic survey was employed, as well as Faces III, ECPF, CIPA, YSR and ASSIST scales. Inferential and descriptive analyses found that 49.2% of the adolescents had used alcohol, and 8.7%, tobacco. Alcohol use was correlated to conflicts with the mother, and marijuana use to those with the father. The father's co-parental cooperation was a protection factor for alcohol consumption, whereas the intensity of an adolescent's conflict with the father and the parents' co-parental conflict were risk factors. The data are discussed in view of the scientific literature and taking into account its social and clinical relevance. Directions for further investigation are suggested.

Keywords : drugs; adolescence; symptoms; family relations; parent-child relations.

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