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Psicologia Clínica

versão impressa ISSN 0103-5665versão On-line ISSN 1980-5438


ANDRES, María Laura et al. The role of executive functions in maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies in children. Psicol. clin. [online]. 2020, vol.32, n.3, pp. 557-575. ISSN 0103-5665.

The aim of this work was to analyze the relationship of executive functions with maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies in children, controlling for gender and for symptoms of anxiety and depression; as well as analyzing the possible moderating effect of these factors. A total of 95 children between 9 and 12 years old were evaluated. The results showed that lower levels of working memory and cognitive flexibility predicted greater rumination; and that a lower capacity for cognitive flexibility predicted greater self-blaming. Gender moderated - marginally - the relationships of working memory and cognitive flexibility with rumination, in the sense that a lower performance in both executive functions predicted rumination in a higher proportion among girls than among boys. It is expected that these results will contribute to the improvement in the design of intervention programs for promotion of mental health in children.

Palavras-chave : executive functions; cognitive emotion regulation strategies; childhood.

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