Jornal de Psicanálise
Print version ISSN 0103-5835
KUPERMANN, Daniel. Sensitive presence: the experience of transference in Freud, Ferenczi and Winnicott. J. psicanal. [online]. 2008, vol.41, n.75, pp. 75-96. ISSN 0103-5835.
Through a historico-critical analysis of the conceptions of transference presented in the writings of S. Freud, S. Ferenczi and D. W. Winnicott, we intend to show that the clinical style developed by these authors cannot be dissociated from the context in which they practice psychoanalysis, especially in regard to the forms of psychic suffering which are predominant in it. Taking neurosis as the predominant clinical structure, Freud conceives transference as the up-dating of childish unconscious complexes of the patients, their handling to be ruled by the principle of abstinence and the interpretation of the resistance and the repressed. Sándor Ferenczi and D. W. Winnicott, on the other hand, treated traumatized patients whose subjectivity was severely damaged, basing their clinical style on regression to the dependence and on playing together. They thus established that it is the quality of the affectionate encounter between the analyst and the patient which leads to sense in the psychoanalytical experience.
Keywords : Psychoanalysis; Transference; Sigmund Freud; Sándor Ferenczi; D. W. Winnicott.