SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.29 número90Protocolo psicopedagógico de avaliação interdisciplinar de crianças com lesão cerebral índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Revista Psicopedagogia

versão impressa ISSN 0103-8486


PEREIRA, Ana Paula Prust; LEON, Camila Barbosa Riccardi; DIAS, Natália Martins  e  SEABRA, Alessandra Gotuzo. Assessment of preschool children: relation between executive functions tests and inattention and hyperactivity indicators. Rev. psicopedag. [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.90, pp. 279-289. ISSN 0103-8486.

Executive functions (EF) refer to the skills needed to plan, initiate, implement and monitor intentional conduct. They include inhibition, working memory, cognitive flexibility, selective attention, planning and organization and, in general, are fundamental skills to learning and self-regulated behavior. EF may be compromised in some developmental disorders, such as Attention Deficit Disorder and Hyperactivity. Before this background and based on the increasing emphasis in the literature on the importance of early evaluation, this study investigated the relationship between performance in executive functions tests and inattention and hyperactivity indicators in preschool children of a non-clinical sample. A total of 85 children of a kindergarten public school from the state of SP, aged four and six years, were assessed at Trial Making Test for Preschoolers (TT-PE) and Attention Test for Cancellation (TAC). Parents and teachers were asked to answer SNAP-IV. Children with higher levels of inattention and hyperactivity, as reported by their parents, tended to have worse performance in TAC, and those with higher levels of inattention and hyperactivity, as reported teachers, tended to have worse performance on several measures of TAC and TT-PE. The relationship between test performance and indicators inattention and hyperactivity tended to be more consistent when considering the responses of teachers, instead of the parents' ones. The study showed that the relationship between performance on EF tests and indicators of inattention and hyperactivity can be observed from early ages, in nonclinical samples, contributing to the discussion on assessment and early identification.

Palavras-chave : Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity; Attention deficit and disruptive behavior disorders; Neuropsychological tests.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf )