SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.30 número92Desempenho motor de escolares com dislexia, transtornos e dificuldades de aprendizagemPercepção de professores sobre a relação entre desenvolvimento das habilidades psicomotoras e aquisição da escrita índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Revista Psicopedagogia

versão impressa ISSN 0103-8486


LEON, Camila Barbosa Riccardi; RODRIGUES, Camila Cruz; SEABRA, Alessandra Gotuzo  e  DIAS, Natália Martins. Executive functions and academic performance in children aged 6 to 9 years old. Rev. psicopedag. [online]. 2013, vol.30, n.92, pp. 113-120. ISSN 0103-8486.

BACKGROUND: Executive functions (EF) are a set of cognitive skills necessary to learn new things, to think or concentrate facing a distractor environment. They can be arranged in different ways according to the literature, including core EF (cognitive flexibility, inhibitory control and working memory) and more complex EF (problem-solving, reasoning and planning). OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the relationship between EF and academic performance of children between 6 and 9 years in a public school. METHODS: The study included 40 children evaluated by a functional instrument (IFERI) answered by parents and teachers on the executive functions and behaviors observed in activities of everyday life. The results were correlated with children academic performance, represented by the mean of the bimester grades in 2012, considering the main subjects of each school year (mathematics and Portuguese for 1st and 2nd grades, besides history, geography and science for 3rd grades). RESULTS: It was found that the children assessed by their parents and teachers as having better executive skills also have better academic performance, even at early stages of elementary school. CONCLUSIONS: The differential relations between school performance and scales completed by parents and teachers suggest that teachers may be better able to assess those skills due to their educational background, which enables them to understand child development and behavior, which would, or not, be appropriate for a given age.

Palavras-chave : Learning; Child; Executive function.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf )