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Revista Psicopedagogia

versão impressa ISSN 0103-8486


PEREIRA, Amanda Morão; ARAUJO, Carolina Rabelo; CIASCA, Sylvia Maria  e  RODRIGUES, Sônia das Dores. Memory evaluation in children and adolescents with limitrophe intellectual capacity and mild intellectual disability. Rev. psicopedag. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.99, pp. 302-313. ISSN 0103-8486.

This study aimed to evaluate and compare the memory of children and adolescents classified as intellectually disabled (mild degree), limitrophe intelligence and with no intellectual impairment. Particularly the operational memory, the short-term immediate memory and long-term memory (episodic and semantic) were subjected to analysis in the three aforementioned groups. Thirty-eight subjects participated in this study divided in three groups, all of which were composed by children with intelligence quotient of normality: intellectually disabled of mild (GDI), limitrophe (GL) and control degree (GC). In order to evaluate the different types of memory the Rey Complex Figure, the Rey Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT), the Corsi Block Test (TBC) and the WISC-IV digits, sequence of numbers and letters, and vocabulary subtests were performed. The obtained data shows that when compared to GC, the GDI presented meaningful loss in the operational and in the long-term semantic memory, but not in the episodic memory. With tests that use information repetition, children with GDI had better performance. Such data is important because refers to the idea that teaching strategies based on this approach may favor these children learning. As for the GL, a meaningful loss in all the types of evaluated memory was noticed, when compared to the GC. The comparison between GL and GDI presented that the firsts had better performance (statistically meaningful) only in the semantic memory. Accordingly, the debate regarding the need of children with limitrophe intelligence receiving at school the same specialized educational support offered to children intellectually disabled is considered important.

Palavras-chave : Memory; Learning; Intelligence; Intellectual disability.

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