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Revista Psicopedagogia

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PRUDENCIATTI, Shaday; PEREIRA, Rafael Silva  and  TABAQUIM, Maria de Lourdes Merighi. Identification of skills needed for learning reading and writing of children with cleft lip and cleft comparative study. Rev. psicopedag. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.102, pp.262-271. ISSN 0103-8486.

The objective of the study was to identify is skills for learning reading and writing of children with cleft lip and palate, featuring the perceptual functions of the body schema, the timeline orientation, motor development, receptive and expressive language and the intellectual level and compare the performances of the groups. They included 120 children, both genders, from 5:06 years, at the Garden II and the 1st year of primary school, composing two groups: G1, target group, consisting of 60 children with cleft lip and palate; and G2, as a control group, consisting of 60 children. In the data collection instruments were used: Coloured Progressive Matrices of Raven and Initial Skills Assessment Battery for Reading and Writing. When comparing the performance of the G1 and G2, there was statistical difference in intellectual function (p = 0.019) and body image (p = 0.036). Participants with pre-foramen fissure had more undercuts performance, indicating phenotypic difference this population. The absence of performance for excellence in G2 was suggestive of environmental interference, whose students were from low-income and cultural power region. The study concluded that the stratified sample of participants with cleft lip and palate, compared to the group without the same condition, with deficits in the field of skills needed for the acquisition of reading and writing, was indicative of cognitive immaturity, factor that can interfere with the effectiveness of the literacy process.

Keywords : Cleft palate; Learning; Reading; Writing.

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