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Revista Psicopedagogia

Print version ISSN 0103-8486


BODONI, Patrícia Soares Baltazar  and  TABAQUIM, Maria de Lourdes Merighi. Implications of attention factors in the performance of reading and writing in schoolchildren with cleft lip and palate. Rev. psicopedag. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.108, pp. 270-280. ISSN 0103-8486.

OBJECTIVE: To identify and to compare the levels of attention and performance in the reading and writing of students with cleft lip and palate. METHODS: 60 children with cleft lip and palate isolated, aged between 7 and 12 years, both genders participated. Instruments used were: Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices, the School Performance Test - TDE, and the Diffuse Attention Test - TEDIF. Statistical analysis was performed using the Fisher's Exact Test and the Student's T-Test, with a significance level of p<0.05. RESULTS: It was verified that of the total of participants, 81.66% presented inferior performance in Reading and 85% inferior performance in Writing; with respect to the evaluation of General Intelligence the majority of participants (91.66%) presented Preserved Fluid Intelligence. Regarding the evaluation of the attentional level, they had performance in the four times evaluated by TEDIF, predominantly in the middle and lower ranks; the mean index was 66.6% at the first application time; 65% in the second; 58.33% in the third; and, 58.40% in the fourth. Considering the lower index, 20% of the participants had this classification in the first and second time, 26.66% in the third time and 35% in the fourth time, evidencing a progressive increase of participants with inferior performances and the consequent decrease in the middle and higher levels. CONCLUSION: The results obtained from positive correlations between the variables were suggestive that impaired attentional performance compromise performance in reading and writing tasks. However, this study pointed to the need to extend the research to other cognitive abilities, considering the complexity of the attentional function in the maintenance of academic repertoires.

Keywords : Cleft Lip; Cleft Palate; Learning; Attention; Literacy.

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