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Revista Psicopedagogia

Print version ISSN 0103-8486


CARDOSO, Heloísa dos Santos Peres  and  FREITAS, Patrícia Martins de. Application of the double-route model in the diagnosis of dyslexia systematic review. Rev. psicopedag. [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.111, pp.368-377. ISSN 0103-8486.

Dyslexia is a learning disorder of reading that can affect writing, however, the identification of this disorder is still very imprecise. The objective of this study was to verify the application of the neurocognitive double-route model in the diagnostic studies, through a systematic review of the literature. The descriptors used: dyslexia, reading, double-route; evaluation of dyslexia; diagnosis of dyslexia, in the Medline, SciELO and Google Academic databases (2013-2018). The sample consisted of 52 studies and 40 applied the double-route model in the diagnosis. The results showed that the most used instruments were Phonological Awareness Task (20%), Word Reading Task and pseudowords (15%); the most investigated cognitive functions were reading (30%) and phonological awareness (25%). The studies showed empirical evidence of the use of the model, demonstrating that deficits in the components of phonological and lexical processing explain the presence of dyslexia, contributing to the diagnosis.

Keywords : Diagnosis; Dyslexia; Neurocognitive Model.

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