Revista brasileira de crescimento e desenvolvimento humano
Print version ISSN 0104-1282
SCHMITT, Ana Carolina Basso; CARDOSO, Maria Regina Alves and ALDRIGHI, José Mendes. Mortality trends among Brazilian women in the climacteric. Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum. [online]. 2008, vol.18, n.1, pp. 11-15. ISSN 0104-1282.
There are few studies on women's mortality during climacteric, especially in Brazil. The objective of this study was to analyze the mortality trend among women between 35 and 64 years old in Brazil in the last years. Mortality data were collected in the Mortality Information System of Datasus, Ministry of Health, for the period 1979 to 2004. For the analysis, age- and cause-specific mortality rates were calculated for the ten more frequent chapters of the International Classification of Diseases as cause of death per decade of climacteric age group in the regions of Brazil. In Brazil, three chapters of the International Classification of Diseases predominated: cardiovascular diseases, malignant neoplasms, and ill-defined causes. The Southeast, South and Central West regions followed the same pattern of the country with regard to the position of the first three causes of death; however, cardiovascular diseases and ill-defined causes decreased while neoplasms increased. In the North region, although the same causes presented similar rates, cardiovascular diseases prevailed in most of the study period, but ill-defined causes were more frequent than neoplasms. In the Northeast, the main causes were the ill-defined ones, although they declined from 1979 to 2004. Cardiovascular diseases and neoplasms were in the second and third positions, respectively, and increased in the study period.
Keywords : Mortality; women's health; epidemiology.