Revista brasileira de crescimento e desenvolvimento humano
version ISSN 0104-1282
RAMOS, Alessandra Teixeira et al. Lipid profile in overweight children and adolescents. Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum. [online]. 2011, vol.21, n.3, pp. 780-788. ISSN 0104-1282.
BACKGROUND: to assess lipid profile alterations and associated factors in obese or overweight children and adolescent. METHODS: cross-sectional study developed from April to November 2009, including 217 overweight children and adolescents, from 2 to 18 years old, users of the public health system, Campina Grande-PB. nutritional status was classified, according to percentile, as: overweight (85e"bmi<95), obese (95e"bmi<97) and severe obesity (bmie"97). it was considered abnormal the following values: ldl-c e" 130mg/dl, hdl-c < 45 mg/dl and tg e" 130mg/dl. statistical analysis included variance analysis and chi-square tests adopting a confidence interval of 95%, using spss 17.0. RESULTS: the majority of the children and adolescents presented severe obesity (68,2%) which was higher in boys (pr = 3,7) and in children from two to nine years old (pr = 3,2). dyslipidemias were observed in 85,3% of the studied population, being more prevalent (88,9%) in children from two to five years old. the low hdl-c was the most frequent alteration (80,6%), and its value was significantly lower among those with severe obesity (p < 0,005). CONCLUSIONS: the high prevalence of dyslipidemia, observed since the pre-school age, reinforces the need to monitor the lipid profile, in the presence of obesity or overweight condition, independently of age.
Keywords : obesity; overweight; dyslipidemias; cardiovascular disease.