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Journal of Human Growth and Development

Print version ISSN 0104-1282


PAULA, Juliane dos Anjos de et al. Prevalence and factors associated with depression in medical students. Rev. bras. crescimento desenvolv. hum. [online]. 2014, vol.24, n.3, pp.274-281. ISSN 0104-1282.

INTRODUCTION: depression, besides causing great psychological distress, may lead to poor academic performance and social relationships. OBJECTIVE: to examine the prevalence of depressive symptoms in medical students from a northeastern region of Brazil. METHODS: the population comprised 1024 students from first to twelfth semesters of two medical schools in Cariri, Ceará, Brazil. We used the questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics and the Beck Depression Inventory II version. RESULTS: the prevalence in this population for the diagnosis of depression was 28.8%.652 (63.7%) complied with all protocols to stay in research. After logistic regression, had a negative impact on studentsmental health: female Odds Ratio adjusted (ORa) (95% CI): 1.83 (1.19 to 2.82), reasonable physical health ORa (95% CI): 3.15 (2 0.09 to 4, 73), uncertainty about professional future ORa (95% CI): 2.97 (1.65 to 5.34), desire to change course ORa (95% CI): 2.51 (1.63 to 3.86), good social relationship but without participation in social activities ORa (95% CI): 1.96 (1.27 to 3.04), relationship difficulties ORa (95% CI): 11.40 (4.32 to 30.14) and rare leisure activities (95% CI): 2.45 (1.49 to 4.04) or eventual leisure activities ORa (95% CI): 3.04 (1.70 to 5.42). CONCLUSION: there was a high prevalence of depression among medical students in this region. Female, reasonable physical health, uncertainty over future career, desire to change course, do not participate in social activities and / or difficulties in relationships, sporadic or rare leisure activity were associated with increased risk of developing depressive symptoms.

Keywords : depression; students; medical; prevalence; depressive disorder; education medical.

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