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Journal of Human Growth and Development

Print version ISSN 0104-1282On-line version ISSN 2175-3598


CORDEIRO, Danilo Correa et al. Factors associated with dengue cases in brazilian industrial area: an ecological study. J. Hum. Growth Dev. [online]. 2020, vol.30, n.3, pp. 451-460. ISSN 0104-1282.

INTRODUCTION: Dengue is an acute systemic viral infectious disease, established worldwide in epidemic and endemic transmission cycles. High levels of precipitation, adequate temperatures, proximity between urban and peri-urban centers, human movement between population centers and urban solid waste (USW) production may facilitate dengue transmission and spreadOBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between diagnosed dengue cases and socioeconomic factors, USW mass generation and rainfall indexMETHODS: Ecological study, with secondary data collection from 2010 to 2016 for each municipality of the Greater ABC Region in São Paulo, Brazil. Total population, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, USW, number of dengue cases and rainfall index were investigated. Data were collected on the websites of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the municipalities of the Greater ABC Region, the Greater ABC Intermunicipal Consortium, the Greater ABC Economic Development Agency, the National Sanitation Information System, Surveillance Epidemiological Survey of the State of São Paulo and the Department of Water and Electric Energy of the State of São Paulo. Relationships between variables were tested by Spearman correlationRESULTS: Data analysis of all municipalities showed a positive correlation between dengue cases with total population (r=0.675, p<0.01), gross domestic product per capita (r=0.539, p<0.01) and MSW by inhabitant per year (r=0.492, p<0.01). Positive correlations were also observed between total population and gross domestic product per capita (r=0.583, p<0.01), MSW / Day (r=0.302, p<0.05) and MSW/year (r=0.961, p<0.01); gross domestic product per capita and MSW/day (r=0.849, p<0.01), MSW/year (r=0.410, p<0.05) and rainfall index (RI) (r=0.416, p<0.05); MSW / day and MSW / year (r=0.389, p<0.01) and RI (r=0.388, p<0.05CONCLUSION: The larger the total population, purchasing power or socioeconomic status (GDP per capita) and the generation of MSW, the greater the number of dengue cases. Proper packaging of MSW seems to be a way to help in dengue cases control

Keywords : dengue; dengue virus; socioeconomic factors; solid waste.

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