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Journal of Human Growth and Development

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1282versão On-line ISSN 2175-3598


PINTO, Malu Micilly Porfírio Santos et al. Spatial Clusters of Chronic Childhood Conditions in the State of Paraíba, Brazil. J. Hum. Growth Dev. [online]. 2022, vol.32, n.1, pp. 64-71. ISSN 0104-1282.

INTRODUCTION: chronic conditions are complex health problems that require continuous and multidisciplinary care. When they affect children/adolescents, they require hospitalizations and periodic and long-term follow-up. Understanding the geographical distribution of these conditions will provide greater visibility to the problem and support the decision-making processOBJECTIVE: detect the spatial clusters of chronic health conditions affecting children and adolescents in the state of Paraíba, BrazilMETHODS: ecological, retrospective, study employing secondary data from the Information System of Children and Adolescents with Chronic Disease from a reference hospital in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, covering the period from 2015 to 2017. The Spatial Incidence Ratio and the Spatial Scan statistic were used for the data analysisRESULTS: a concentration of spatial clusters was observed in the Mata Paraibana mesoregion, an area where the public hospital service is located, which functions as a reference in the recurrent hospitalizations of this population with chronic conditionsCONCLUSION: the detection of spatial clusters can help public managers to recognize the priority areas for the monitoring of chronic conditions in children and adolescents

Palavras-chave : chronic condition; child; adolescent; spatial analysis.

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