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BROERING, Camila Volpato  e  CREPALDI, Maria Aparecida. Psychological preparation pre-surgical: stress and anxiety in children under the surgery. Mudanças [online]. 2019, vol.27, n.1, pp. 1-10. ISSN 0104-3269.

This article presents a study that evaluated the effects of the pre-surgical psychological preparation for the stress and anxiety of children undergoing elective surgery, using three different preparation programs and a control group. The research had a quantitative delineation, and made intra and inter-group comparisons. It was performed with 80 participants, divided into four groups, users of a Children's Hospital and used the Child Stress Scale (ESI) and the Trait Anxiety Inventory-State (STAI-C). There were three distinct steps: a) application of ESI and IDATE-C before preparation, the day before the surgery; b) the preparation itself, in groups submitted to different preparation programs; c) reapplying from STAI and ESI-C after preparation. The results showed that there is a significant reduction in the level of stress and anxiety after preparation, although there was no statistically significant difference in the type of program used. It is argued that there were practical implications for the psychological care of children in pre-surgical situation and limitations to consider when researching this area of pediatric psychology. We conclude that the preoperative psychological preparation is effective, regardless of the methodology used.

Palavras-chave : psychological preparation; pre-surgical stress; presurgical anxiety; surgery in childhood.

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