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BATISTA, Amanda Trajano; SALDANHA, Ana Alayde Werba  e  FURTADO, Francisca Marina Freire. Advantages and disadvantages perceived by key populations in the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis. Mudanças [online]. 2020, vol.28, n.2, pp. 11-20. ISSN 0104-3269.

To understand the impact of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis - PrEP on HIV prevention, in addition to clinical efficacy data, we need to understand the beliefs that underlie the acceptability of PrEP, since it is important to be in tune to be safe and effective. users' needs and concerns. Thus, the aim of this study is to analyze behavioral beliefs regarding the advantages and disadvantages of using PrEP. The sample consisted of 31 participants from four key populations that already use PrEP, being contacted online. As a collection instrument, a questionnaire was used based on the Theory of Rational Action, composed of four open questions, in addition to sociodemographic data. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, while qualitative data were analyzed using thematic categorical analysis. Regarding the advantages of using PrEP, 84 beliefs were obtained, the main ones being: 1) Double protection, 2) Not using condoms, 3) Decreasing contamination, 4) Decreasing STIs, 5) Autonomy in prevention. Regarding the disadvantages, 95 beliefs were obtained: 1) Side effects, 2) Ineffectiveness, 3) Not using a condom, 4) Focus on HIV, 5) Taking PrEP daily. The analysis of beliefs enabled the identification of factors that can positively or negatively influence the adoption of preventive behavior, pointing out that although PrEP encourages care strategies, there is still a lack of knowledge about its real effectiveness.

Palavras-chave : Pre-exposure prophylaxis; Theory of rational action; Key Population; HIV /AIDS.

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