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Acta Comportamentalia

Print version ISSN 0188-8145


SOUZA, Deisy G. de  and  ROSE, Júlio C. de. Developing individualized programs to teach reading. Acta comport. [online]. 2006, vol.14, n.1, pp. 77-98. ISSN 0188-8145.

This paper summarizes a Une of research that seeks to develop indívidualized programs to teach reading. The maín goal in reading instruction is to establish the repertoire of a literate person: reading with fluency and comprehension and mastering wrítten expression. The alphabetic system enables one to leam just a few units and recombine them in order to read or write any word in the language. The school system has been, however, heavily challenged to achieve this goal. Acommon finding in the reading research literature is that any teaching method, no matter how good it may be, will fail with a number of students. Our initial studies were conducted with chíldren that had been exposed to regular school instruction for at least one year, and had failed to learn. We devised teaching programs aimed to establish word recognition, as a first step in the direction of the more ambitious goal of teaching reading and spelling with both comphreension and fluency. These programs were developed along several years of research and attempt to incorporate various procedures used in basic stimulus control research. The paper desenhes the general approach and illustrates its outeomes with data from a series of those previous studies.

Keywords : Reading acquisition; Word recognition; Stimulus control; Matching-to-sample; Stimulus equivalence; Exclusion; Constructed response; Illiterate students.

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