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Acta Comportamentalia

versão impressa ISSN 0188-8145


AVALOS, Lizbeth Pulido et al. Effect of resources and labor power exchange on shared contingencies choice. Acta comport. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.3, pp. 295-314. ISSN 0188-8145.

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of resources and labor power exchange on the choice between non-shared or shared contingencies of partial altruism with or without differential earnings. Eight dyads of college students solved puzzles in two computers connected in a network (four did it in the same cubicle and four in different cubicles in order to restrict the chance of verbal interaction between participants). Under the experimental conditions, each participant was able to observe his/her peer's performance and place his/her pieces in the own puzzle or in their peer's puzzle. After the base line sessions, dyads were alternately exposed to conditions of non-differential or differential consequences on a partial altruism situation. Within the phases of non-differential consequences the participants obtained a musical disc disregarding the amount of earned points and within differential consequences phases they obtained zero, one or two disks depending on how many points they earned. Results suggest that resources and labor power exchange and verbal agreements between participants promote the choice for shared contingencies choice. Differential or non-differential exchange of points did not seem to have a determinant role. The results are discussed in terms of the involved exchange relations and the role of situational and linguistic factors.

Palavras-chave : resources exchange; labor power exchange; shared contingencies; partial altruism; differential consequences; verbal agreements.

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