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Cuadernos de neuropsicología

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GALLEGOS, Walter Lizandro Arias. Theory of Intelligence: a neuropsychological approach from Lev Vigotsky's point of view. Cuad. neuropsicol. [online]. 2013, vol.7, n.1, pp. 22-37. ISSN 0718-4123.

Intelligence is a construct that generates debates and controversies, even more since Howard Gardner wrote about his multiple intelligences theory. The aim of this work is to present a neuropsychological vision of intelligence under Vigotsky's sociocultural conceptions and other Russian neuroscientists as Ivan Pavlov, Piotr Anojín and Alexander Luria. Cultural influences were recognized as intelligence mediators and propose that brain's analytical synthetic activity explains individual differences on ontogenetic and filogenetic development, considering it as its biological fundament. We conclude that intelligence is a unitary but no univocal construct, linked to thought, keeping its systemic relationships with diverse forms of psychical activity, consequently, there's no reason to talk about intelligence on terms of Gardner's multiple intelligences theory.

Keywords : Intelligence; Neuropsychology; Higher nervous activity theory; Analytic synthetic activity; Functional Units.

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