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Salud & Sociedad: investigaciones en psicologia de la salud y psicologia social

On-line version ISSN 0718-7475


OSNAYA, Martha Córdova; PEREZ, José Carlos Rosales; LUNA, Brisa Raquel Guzmán  and  VILLANUEVA, Gregorio Zùñiga. Features the student with and without suicidal ideation the college of bachelors of San Luis Potosí (México). Salud & Sociedad [online]. 2013, vol.4, n.2, pp. 120-134. ISSN 0718-7475.

The objective of this study is to identify, from the theoretical cognitive psychological framework, characteristics which are associated with the presence and absence of suicidal ideation in high school students of Colegio Altiplano Potosino. All the participants were students of High School (Colegio) No. 10 in San Luis Potosi. Of the 280 students, 158 (56.4%) were men, and 122 (43.6%) were women. An instrument consisting of three sections was applied. First, a questionnaire measuring 21 socio-demographic variables was used. Next, a measure of the five scales of psychological constructs was conducted. Lastly the Roberts' Suicidal Ideation Scale was completed reliably and with a valid factorial. Some 5.7% of the students reported suicidal ideation. The scores on psychological constructs that showed significant differences using t-tests given to students with and without suicidal ideation were several: negative emotion, comfort, impulsivity, negative future, positive future, family support, and friends' support. These psychological characteristics are explained within the cognitive theoretical framework, thereby generating and implementing psychological strategies aimed at reducing the risk of suicide or attempted suicide, all the while improving the quality of life of young people involved.

Keywords : Students; suicidal ideation; suicide.

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