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Salud & Sociedad: investigaciones en psicologia de la salud y psicologia social

versión On-line ISSN 0718-7475


DUFFY, Débora. Risk factors and protective factors associated with the consumption of alcohol in children and adolescents. Salud & Sociedad [online]. 2014, vol.5, n.1, pp. 40-52. ISSN 0718-7475.

Objective: The purpose of the present research was to explore and describe in children and adolescents in public and private schools of Buenos Aires (Argentina), on the development of behaviors and habits of alcohol consumption. In addition were explored the risk and protective factors that can affect the onset of consumption and the consistent form of alcohol intake. In addition, were detected attitudes that place to the pubescent with regard to alcohol, by examining the structure of opinions and beliefs in regard to this substance. It has been explored and described the way in which these factors have an impact in the consumption of alcohol. Method: The research consisted of two phases. In the first, one questionnaire was administered which evaluated the behavior with regard to alcohol. This questionnaire included five questions that asked about: family consumption of alcohol, consumption of pairs and their one consumption of alcohol, apart from the frequency of consumption and quantity. In the second stage 24 focus groups were performed. Results: The results showed as major risk factors for the onset of drinking in children and adolescents, the parental consumption and peer group. As protective factors were found: social support, parental monitoring and adequate communication and interaction between the parent-child dyad. Conclusion: It is expected that from this research to deepen understanding of this problem in order to help rethink strategies of action and/or public policy.

Palabras clave : Stigma; Internet; media; social networks; HIV/AIDS.

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