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Salud & Sociedad: investigaciones en psicologia de la salud y psicologia social

On-line version ISSN 0718-7475


MARTINEZ, Maitane Arnoso; CASTRO, Manuel Cárdenas; ROVIRA, Darío Páez  and  BERISTAIN, Carlos Martín. Paraguay: violations of human rights to transitional justice. Salud & Sociedad [online]. 2014, vol.5, n.1, pp.98-114. ISSN 0718-7475.

Objective: The impact of human rights violations committed in Paraguay during the Stroessner dictatorship (1954-1989) was analyzed. Method: Data were obtained from 400 participants living in the areas most affected by repression. The emotional impact was assessed, as were the impact on social participation and the perception of the public regarding the transitional measures, which were implemented. Results: It is shown that this period, which had great impact in rural areas, evokes negative emotions which are accompanied by a strong need for social conversation about what happened during that time. Also observed is a strong perception that victims will not succeed in forgiving those responsible for the violence. Conclusion: The population knows and attaches positive value to the measures taken in relation to the past, but negatively perceives the emotional climate of the country. This social climate is associated with a lessened desire to achieve reconciliation, which rises among those who are aware of the apologies given by Lugo and believe them to be sincere. Participation in public hearings is associated with greater community participation, but also with high negative emotionality.

Keywords : Paraguay; dictatorship; repression; human rights; transitional justice.

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