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WAINER, Ricardo et al. From guessing to deduction: the inferential processes in cognitive behavioral. Aletheia [online]. 2005, n.22, pp.23-40. ISSN 1413-0394.

This article presents the main results from an investigation that was aimed at verifying the validity and feasibility of applying Cognitive Linguistics’ logical-pragmatic models to understand the inferential processes in the pacient-psycotherapist dialogues in Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy (CBP). Furthermore, the present research investigated the existence of inferential and communicational patterns in depressive individuals. The method employed consisted in the application of Grice’s Amplified Implicature Model to six blocks of five consecutive psychotherapy sessions of 6 different therapeutic pairs. All the patients showed clinical pictures of Major Depression Disorder. Statistical and qualitative (analysis of the situation) analyses of the data were done. The main results indicated the viability and the significance of the employment of the pragmatic theories to understand the implicit contents in communication which may only be accessed by the inference of the conversational implicatures. The characteristic patterns of depressive communication were also verified which were primarily established in the frequent use of conversational implicatures characterized by the lack of information despite its quantity.

Palavras-chave : Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy; Inferencial process; Cognitive pragmatics.

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