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PARANHOS, Mariana Esteves; ARGIMON, Irani Iracema de Lima  and  WERLANG, Blanca Susana Guevara. Hardiness in first responders: a systematic revision. Aletheia [online]. 2014, n.45, pp. 202-221. ISSN 1413-0394.

This article provides a systematic revision in the literature regarding the hardiness construct, aimed to first responders, checking its applicability on scenarios where there is a regular exposure to critical incidents. From April to June, 2013, the EBSCO, Web of Science and PsycINFO databases were searched, looking for articles in Portuguese, English and Spanish, published between 2003 and 2013. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 10 articles ended up being included in this revision. They were then grouped, based on their goals and identified associations, in a single thematic block - hardiness as a weakening agent from the harmful effects of stress. The professionals studied comprised firemen, nurses, doctors, paramedics, military and policemen. From the studies analysis it is concluded that hardiness was shown to be negatively related to psychological distress, development of emotional illness and negatively influence the use of maladaptive and risky mechanisms, considering the samples listed in researches. Likewise, it showed a positive relationship with psychological well-being and the ability of efficient, helpful and healthful coping in highly stressful environments.

Keywords : Hardiness; First responders; Critical incidents.

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