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SELBAC, Mariana Terezinha et al. Behavioral and physiological changes determined by the female biological cycle: Climacteric to menopause. Aletheia [online]. 2018, vol.51, n.1-2, pp. 177-190. ISSN 1413-0394.

Menopause appears as a body landmark in the aging process, where along with ovarian failure, it can trigger signs and symptoms that require control and evaluation to ensure a good quality of life. The objective of this work was to investigate how the estrogen actions in the period that characterize the climacteric / menopause. From an integrative review, the descriptors were: estrogenic effects, signs and symptoms of climacteric and menopause and hormone replacement therapy. Estrogen has receptors in all organs and, therefore, acts on anatomical, physiological and emotional characteristics; in determining bone and muscle mass growth; action as antioxidant; as cardioprotective and neuroprotective; contribution to emotional and sexual vitality. It was verified that in the climacteric occurs a reduction of the hormonal levels that culminates with the menopause and that the estrogen absence causes in disequilibrium of different systems, until reaching a new adaptation.

Keywords : estrogenic effects; signs and symptoms of menopause; hormone replacement therapy.

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