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Estudos de Psicologia (Natal)

Print version ISSN 1413-294XOn-line version ISSN 1678-4669


SPINILLO, Alina Galvão  and  DUARTE, Priscylla Emeline Silva. "And what lesson did the crow learn?" Children's understanding of fables. Estud. psicol. (Natal) [online]. 2021, vol.26, n.3, pp.242-251. ISSN 1413-294X.

The aim of this study was to research children's understanding of fables from a developmental perspective, seeking to identify the difficulties in relation to the moral lesson. Eighty children in the 1st and 3rd grades of Elementary School were individually asked to answer questions about a fable presented in audio format. One of the questions referred to the moral lesson. The answers to this question were analyzed qualitatively through a system of categories that expresses how children develop their understanding of the moral lesson. The data showed that the children of the 3rd grade performed better than those of the 1st grade. However, for both groups, the difficulty in understanding the moral lesson was relevant. The progression identified in the understanding of the moral lesson seems to be associated with the notion of detachment and generality in relation to what is conveyed in the text.

Keywords : understanding fables; moral lesson; children.

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