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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X


GALVAO, Afonso. Research on expertise: perspectives and limitations. Temas psicol. [online]. 2001, vol.9, n.3, pp. 223-237. ISSN 1413-389X.

Differences between expert and non-expert knowledge in any domain has challenged both researchers and the general public. Research suggests that experts' superior performance capacity can be explained in terms"of some basic features of their behaviour. For example, experts show better memory than non experts for significant material and represent problems in a more elaborate manner, using different strategies to solve them. This paper reviews research in the area of expertise concerning the environment in which it develops, the concept and role of deliberate practice to achieve expertise, as well as the motivational factors that support long-term learning in areas such as instrumental music performance, tennis and literature. Three generations of models that try to explain expertise are mentioned. The conclusion offers a brief analysis on the implications of expertise research to domains such as creativity and education as a whole, and about its limits and future research perspectives

Palavras-chave : expertise; deliberate practice; learning; cognitive models; talent.

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