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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


ALVES, Érica Valeria  and  BRITO, Márcia Regina Ferreira de. Relations among mathematical memory, memory and perception of a problem structure. Temas psicol. [online]. 2007, vol.15, n.2, pp.207-215. ISSN 1413-389X.

This study assumed that during a mathematical problem solving the person, at the beginning, perceive synthetically and analytically their elements. The analytic perception is characterized by the problem elements isolate, differentiate accessing and hierarchy establishing. The synthetic perception happens during relations and combinations establishing between problem elements by the person. Considering the theoretical relations between mathematical memory, memory and perception, this research aimed to study this relationship empirically. For that, 32 students were selected among 177 students from basic education, considering their performance in a mathematics test and a mathematical memory test. These students were submitted to the reproduction and copy test of Rey complex figures. Through correlation analysis it was obtained the Pearson coefficient 0,54 between reproduction complex figures test and mathematical memory test performance. The qualitative analysis of relations between individual results in complex figures test and the performance in mathematical memory test showed that when a person perceives the elements from the general toward specific, either in mathematical problems or in complex figures, the person recovered, retrieved and represented it easily. Otherwise, when the person perceived juxtaposed elements in the figure, without relations establishing, this retrieving and perception difficulty was observed also in mathematical memory test.

Keywords : Mathematical memory; Perception; Mathematical abilities; Problem solving.

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