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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X


SILVA, Pedro Fernando da. Violence, nature and culture: considerations about the psychic sedimentation of diffuse violence. Temas psicol. [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.2, pp. 417-431. ISSN 1413-389X.

The purpose of this essay is to examine some implications related to the interlacing of nature and culture to the analysis and critique of diffuse violence. Considering the impact caused by social determination upon the adaptation to the conditions of existence, one argues that violence internalization, historically presented as one of the main process mediations of the psychic constitution of the individuals, favors the sedimentation of the destructive contents into the instinct sphere. The establishment of the supposition that this diffuse violence consolidates as a second nature requires the support of shared comprehension of the Frankfurtian philosophers that the civilization's history is characterized by the continuity of domination. The psychic regression demanded to hierarchy adjustment completes the restriction of possibilities of the individual autonomy: the internalization of violence became a condition sine qua non to survival. Conflicting with this process, it remains to the critique to make explicit cultural features and the barbarism history as well as the psychic social mechanism that favors its conversion into strength, contributing to expose its presumed origin into the biological nature.

Palavras-chave : Violence; Domination; Barbarity; Critical Theory.

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