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Temas em Psicologia

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SOUZA FILHO, Edson Alves de. Anticipatory representations in situations of social pressure, according to ethnic-racial self-defined group. Temas psicol. [online]. 2011, vol.19, n.1, pp. 163-177. ISSN 1413-389X.

We observed anticipatory representations as guides for action and social transformation to face situations of social pressure. 185 students from public high schools, ethnically self-defined whether as Whites, Blacks or Mixed people took part in this research. We drew upon a questionnaire simulating social pressure perpetrated by father, brother, neighbour, friend, teacher, schoolmate, workmate. They were also required to convey their expectancies regarding what others could do in order to spare them from pressure; and what would then their reaction be like. Blacks stressed negotiation among equals (with father, schoolmate, teacher, brother, boss and neighbour); whereas Whites advantage for the participant (schoolmate, teacher, neighbour); and Whites and Mixed-People (workmate, brother, boss). There was correspondence between anticipatory representations of negotiation among equals and acceptation, as well as between advantage for the participant and refusal of pressure. We noticed that anticipatory representations shape representations of objects/issues when interactions are taking place. This implies to take up the subject-alter-object model to study social representations.

Keywords : Anticipatory representations; Negotiation; Sociocultural groups.

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