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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


ĐAPO, Nermin; KOLENOVIć-ĐAPO, Jadranka; HADžIAHMETOVIć, Nina  and  FAKO, Indira. The relationship of Eysenck’s Giant Three with fluid and crystallized intelligence and learning potential among adolescents. Temas psicol. [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.1, pp. 71-86. ISSN 1413-389X.

The aim of this study was to explore the relationship of Eysenck´s Giant Three with Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence and Learning Potential among adolescents. A total of 205 students of the sixth grade (50,44% male) of five elementary schools participated in the research. The average age of the participants was M = 12.56 (SD = 0.61). Fluid intelligence was measured by Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices and Cattell's free-culture test, crystallized intelligence was measured by the Mill Hill Vocabulary Scale and Learning potential was measured by Learning Potential Assessment, (EPA-2). Personality traits were measured by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Junior. The results are consistent with the findings of other studies in which moderate correlations between personality traits and intelligence have been established. Psychoticism, Extraversion and Lay scale are related to fluid and crystallized intelligence measurements. The correlation between personality traits and learning potential is lower in comparison with the correlations between personality traits and fluid and crystallized intelligence. The results gained in our research are partly in accordance with Chamorro-Premuzic and Furnham's (2005) two-level conceptual framework. Namely, we are prone to interpret Extraversion as personality trait that, except for being related to intelligence test performance, has a long-term effect on intelligence development, prior through sociability and activity. The results of our research point out to the assumption that dynamic intelligence testing method decreases the correlation between personality traits and intellectual skills, defined as learning potential. In addition, measurements obtained by dynamic intelligence testing are the additional explanatory constructs that can contribute to the explanation of the correlation between personality and intelligence. In general, the results obtained in our research are in line with Stimulation hypothesis (Lounsbury, Sundstrom, Loveland, & Gibson, 2003; Strelau, Zawadzki, & Piotrowska, 2001). Sociability and activity, referred to as the components of Extraversion and the absence of Psychoticism, are positively related to new experience, greater stimulation, and higher levels of cognitive stimulation, which, in turn, may result in higher levels of cognitive aptitude. In general, pro-social behaviour pattern contributes to greater involvement in seeking for environmental resources which could foster cognitive development.

Keywords : Personality traits; Fluid intelligence; Crystallized intelligence; Learning potential.

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