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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X


AMORIM, Katia de Souza et al. The infant and his/her meaning construction within diverse affective relations and cultural contexts. Temas psicol. [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.2, pp. 309-326. ISSN 1413-389X.

Cultural-historical perspective considers signification processes as a specifically human condition. Thus, signification processes were investigated through infants' affective relations and bonds. Exploratory multiple case studies were conducted, longitudinally, within diverse contexts (home, daycare center and foster institution). Analysis unfolded from videotapes and interviews, focused on infants' crying/annoying behavior. It was verified that significations and practices varied largely (searching for a smile; attention and care; distant comforting). Depending on bonds, significations were experienced through infant-partner intercorporeality, partners being either adults or peers. Within relational drama, significations were materialized regarding infant's position, his/her role and expectations, requiring differentiated means. The direction of the signification construction depended on contexts/interactions. Attributing meanings and being signified through emotion and embodiment, throughout infant-environment relation, the child constructs significations rooted on culture, which are constitutive of their subjectivities. New studies are required. Issues are raised regarding infant care.

Palavras-chave : Infant; Signification; Context; Attachment; Affection.

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