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Temas em Psicologia

versão impressa ISSN 1413-389X

Resumo

ANDRADE, Natália  e  PEREIRA, Maria da Graça. Life quality predictors in smokers and abstinents. Temas psicol. [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.2, pp. 399-412. ISSN 1413-389X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.9788/TP2012.2-09.

This study aimed to evaluate quality of life, psychological morbidity, nicotine dependence and family coping in smokers and abstinents. 116 smokers and 117 abstinents, from both sexes, participated in the study. All participants answered the following instruments: Socio-Demographic; Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (MOS SF-36); Depresion, Anxiety, Stress Scales (DASS); Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and Family Crises-Oriented Personal Evaluation Scales (F-COPES). According to the results, in smokers who also have a partner who smokes, high nicotine dependence and psychological morbidity predict less physical quality of life. High psychological morbidity and passive assessment, predict less quality of life. As for abstinents, having chronic respiratory disease, high psychological morbidity and looking for spiritual support predicted poorer quality of physical life. Being female, having chronic respiratory disease and psychological morbidity predicted lower mental quality of life. Hereafter, intervention programs should include partners as well as psychological morbidity and coping strategies in order to increase quality of life.

Palavras-chave : Smokers; Abstinents; Quality of life; Psychological morbidity.

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