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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


SCHAEFER, Luiziana Souto; LOBO, Beatriz de Oliveira Meneguelo  and  KRISTENSEN, Christian Haag. Post-traumatic reactions in adults: How, why and which aspects evaluate?. Temas psicol. [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.2, pp. 459-478. ISSN 1413-389X.

Exposure to a traumatic situation makes the individual vulnerable to the development of several psychopathologies, including the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). However, other reactions and disorders may be developed after a traumatic event. This article aims to provide a review of the aspects that should be considered in clinical assessment of post-traumatic reactions in adults, with emphasis on PTSD. The psychological consequences for victims who experience a trauma were revised, as well as risk factors for PTSD and comorbidities commonly associated. Finally, suggestions have been made on methods and tools for assessment of post-traumatic reactions in adults. From the evaluation process, it was concluded that it should be possible to identify symptoms and disorders caused by traumatic situation experienced, as well as possible risk and protective factors , so that these aspects can be worked in terms of prevention and/or treatment.

Keywords : Evaluation; Post-traumatic reactions; Post-traumatic stress disorders; Risk factors.

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