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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


IDE, Danilo Sergio. Video-based psychological research: probing the invisible from the out-of-frame. Temas psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.1, pp. 93-108. ISSN 1413-389X.

In this narrative literature review we describe the synthesis of our findings from a search undertaken on the basis SciELO, BVS-Psi, Web of Science, PsychInfo and Psicodoc for the terms video-methods or visual-methods, video and camera. After generally defining how filming is arranged in data collection in psychological research, we focused particularly on studies where participants themselves operated the cameras. The interest for the person responsible for capturing images also prompted a search for films in which the character of the cameraman stands out. Our goal is to examine the idea of entrusting the filming to participants, usually related to the discussion of self-representation, and define how this particular device may be appropriate for Psychology. To fulfill our analysis we made a foray into film theory, reviewing the spatial notion of out-of-frame. We noticed that in most studies, despite the acknowledgement given to the person behind the camera, the out-of-frame is underexplored. It was actually embodied in Alain Cavalier's documentary Irène, fictional found footage films like Cloverfied and video-based research on the relationship between man and environment. In these works, the discussion of self-representation is replaced by another kind of matter of direct concern to Psychology: the research of internal, immaterial processes as perception, memory. The option to work with participants out of frame is quite suitable for probing invisible aspects of being: this particular method seems to be fitted for a video-based psychological research.

Keywords : Methodology; visual methods; video; camera; data collection.

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