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Temas em Psicologia

Print version ISSN 1413-389X


CARLOTTO, Mary Sandra; DIAS, Cristina Queirós Sofia  and  KAISELER, Mariana. Hardiness and Burnout Syndrome: a cross-cultural study among portuguese and brazilian nurses. Temas psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.1, pp. 121-132. ISSN 1413-389X.

This cross-cultural study investigated and compared the influence of hardiness in burnout among Portuguese and Brazilian nurses, as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory- Human Service Survey (MBI-HSS) and the Personal Views Survey (PVS). The sample consisted of 630 nurses working in hospitals (394 Portuguese, 236 Brazilians). The statistical analysis using multiple linear regression showed that hardiness is a personality trait that explains burnout, presenting different predictive models for each sample. Results suggested that overall work characteristics and work settings of Portuguese and Brazilian nurses explained the differences found between the samples. Findings suggested that future applied interventions aiming to reduce burnout among Portuguese and Brazilian nurses, should contemplate different hardiness dimensions.

Keywords : Burnout; cross-cultural study; hardiness; nurses.

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